File Name: the official samba 3 5 x howto and reference guide .zip
Example Procedure for Enrolling a System into a Domain.
18.5 The CUPS Filtering Architecture
File and Print Servers. Samba is the standard open source Windows interoperability suite of programs for Linux. It implements the server message block SMB protocol. In order to use Samba , first ensure the samba package is installed on your system by running the following command as root :. Introduction to Samba. Samba Daemons and Related Services. Samba is comprised of three daemons smbd , nmbd , and winbindd. Three services smb , nmb , and winbind control how the daemons are started, stopped, and other service-related features.
These services act as different init scripts. Each daemon is listed in detail below, as well as which specific service has control over it. The smbd server daemon provides file sharing and printing services to Windows clients.
In addition, it is responsible for user authentication, resource locking, and data sharing through the SMB protocol. The smbd daemon is controlled by the smb service. It also participates in the browsing protocols that make up the Windows Network Neighborhood view. The nmbd daemon is controlled by the nmb service. The winbind service resolves user and group information received from a server running Windows NT, , , Windows Server , or Windows Server Though bundled with the Samba distribution, the winbind service is controlled separately from the smb service.
The winbind daemon is controlled by the winbind service and does not require the smb service to be started in order to operate. Because winbind is a client-side service used to connect to Windows NT-based servers, further discussion of winbind is beyond the scope of this chapter. Connecting to a Samba Share. You can use either Nautilus or command line to connect to available Samba shares. Double-click one of the workgroup or domain icon to view a list of computers within the workgroup or domain.
Double-click on an icon to view the Samba shares on the machine. If a user name and password combination is required, you are prompted for them. Alternately, you can also specify the Samba server and sharename in the Location: bar for Nautilus using the following syntax replace servername and sharename with the appropriate values :.
To connect to a Samba share from a shell prompt, type the following command:. Replace hostname with the host name or IP address of the Samba server you want to connect to, sharename with the name of the shared directory you want to browse, and username with the Samba user name for the system.
Enter the correct password or press Enter if no password is required for the user. Once you are logged in, type help for a list of commands. If you want to browse the contents of your home directory, replace sharename with your user name. If the -U switch is not used, the user name of the current user is passed to the Samba server. Mounting the Share. Sometimes it is useful to mount a Samba share to a directory so that the files in the directory can be treated as if they are part of the local file system.
To mount a Samba share to a directory, create a directory to mount it to if it does not already exist , and execute the following command as root :. For more information about mounting a samba share, see the mount. The mount. In order to use mount. Note that the cifs-utils package also contains the cifs. For more information on cifs. Some CIFS servers require plain text passwords for authentication. Support for plain text password authentication can be enabled using the following command as root :.
Configuring a Samba Server. It also shares all printers configured for the system as Samba shared printers. You can attach a printer to the system and print to it from the Windows machines on your network.
Graphical Configuration. To configure Samba using a graphical interface, use one of the available Samba graphical user interfaces. Command-Line Configuration. If you change this configuration file, the changes do not take effect until you restart the Samba daemon with the following command as root :. Encrypted Passwords. Encrypted passwords are enabled by default because it is more secure to use them.
To create a user with an encrypted password, use the smbpasswd utility:. Starting and Stopping Samba. To start a Samba server, type the following command in a shell prompt, as root :. To set up a domain member server, you must first join the domain or Active Directory using the net join command before starting the smb service. Also it is recommended to run winbind before smbd.
To stop the server, type the following command in a shell prompt, as root :. The restart option is a quick way of stopping and then starting Samba. This is the most reliable way to make configuration changes take effect after editing the configuration file for Samba. Note that the restart option starts the daemon even if it was not running originally. To restart the server, type the following command in a shell prompt, as root :. The condrestart conditional restart option only stops and starts smb on the condition that it is currently running.
This option is useful for scripts, because it does not start the daemon if it is not running. Issuing a manual restart or reload is just as effective.
To conditionally restart the server, type the following command as root :. To ensure that the Samba server configuration file is reloaded without restarting the service, type the following command, as root :. By default, the smb service does not start automatically at boot time. Samba Server Types and the smb. Samba configuration is straightforward. Although the default smb. The following sections describe the different ways a Samba server can be configured.
Stand-alone Server. A stand-alone server can be a workgroup server or a member of a workgroup environment. A stand-alone server is not a domain controller and does not participate in a domain in any way.
The following examples include several user-level security configurations. The force user and force group directives are also added to enforce the ownership of any newly placed files specified in the share.
Setting browseable to no as shown does not list the printer in Windows Network Neighborhood. Although hidden from browsing, configuring the printer explicitly is possible.
It is also assumed that the client has the correct local printer driver installed, as the use client driver directive is set to yes. In this case, the Samba server has no responsibility for sharing printer drivers to the client. Setting the security directive to user forces Samba to authenticate client connections.
Notice the [homes] share does not have a force user or force group directive as the [public] share does. The [homes] share uses the authenticated user details for any files created as opposed to the force user and force group in [public].
Domain Member Server. A domain member, while similar to a stand-alone server, is logged into a domain controller either Windows or Samba and is subject to the domain's security rules. An example of a domain member server would be a departmental server running Samba that has a machine account on the Primary Domain Controller PDC. All of the department's clients still authenticate with the PDC, and desktop profiles and all network policy files are included. The difference is that the departmental server has the ability to control printer and network shares.
To implement an Active Directory domain member server, follow procedure below:. Add the following lines to the configuration file:. With the above configuration, Samba authenticates users for services being run locally but is also a client of the Active Directory. If Active Directory and Kerberos are running on different servers, the password server directive is required to help the distinction. Configure Kerberos on the member server. To join an Active Directory server, type the following command as root on the member server:.
Then net uses the machine account credentials to authenticate with Kerberos. This change does not affect functionality and allows local users not previously in the domain. Becoming a member server of an NT4-based domain is similar to connecting to an Active Directory. In this instance, the Samba member server functions as a pass through to the NT4-based domain server.
Having Samba as a domain member server can be useful in many situations. There are times where the Samba server can have other uses besides file and printer sharing.
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Skip to content. Permalink master. Branches Tags. Nothing to show. Go to file T Go to line L Copy path. Raw Blame. This is the main Samba configuration file.
Explore a preview version of Using Samba, 3rd Edition right now. This book is the comprehensive guide to Samba administration, officially adopted by the Samba Team. Wondering how to integrate Samba's authentication with that of a Windows domain? How to get Samba to serve Microsoft Dfs shares? How to share files on Mac OS X? These and a dozen other issues of interest to system administrators are covered. A whole chapter is dedicated to troubleshooting!
Chapter 21. File and Print Servers
Univention Corporate Server UCS is a Linux-based server operating system for the operation and administration of IT infrastructures for companies and authorities. UCS implements an integrated, holistic concept with consistent, central administration and can ensure the operation of all the components in an interrelated security and trust context, the so-called UCS domain. At the same time, UCS supports a wide range of open standards and includes extensive interfaces to infrastructure components and management tools from other manufacturers, meaning it can be easily integrated in existing environments. UCS consists of reliable Open Source software tried and tested in organizations of different sizes.
You or your OS vendor may have plugged in even more filters. Every incoming printfile is subjected to an initial auto-typing. The auto-typing determines its given MIME type. A given MIME type implies zero or more possible filtering chains relevant to the selected target printer. This section discusses how MIME types recognition and conversion rules interact.
The Firebird Quick Start Guide is an introduction for the complete newcomer to a few essentials for getting off to a quick start with a Firebird binary kit. Later it was published separately on the Internet. Since then, it is maintained, and regularly updated, by members of the Firebird documentation project. Before you read on, verify that this guide matches your Firebird version.
Univention Corporate Server UCS is a Linux-based server operating system for the operation and administration of IT infrastructures for companies and authorities. UCS implements an integrated, holistic concept with consistent, central administration and can ensure the operation of all the components in an interrelated security and trust context, the so-called UCS domain. At the same time, UCS supports a wide range of open standards and includes extensive interfaces to infrastructure components and management tools from other manufacturers, meaning it can be easily integrated in existing environments.
Once long ago there was a fancy buzzword with a complex history commonly referred to as dcerpc. That shows the shares of our samba server. Samba howto. The samba team vernooij.
Privacy Terms. Quick links. All seem to work well except for my share that is at the root level. My smb.