File Name: classical and contemporary assessment of aphasia and acquired disorders of language .zip
- Language acquisition
- The Long View of Language Localization
- Greek neurolinguistics: The State of the Art
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The Long View of Language Localization
History of Neuroscience View all 9 Articles. For British neurologists, one case was considered to represent significant evidence regarding the organization of language in the brain in the second half of the 19th century. The interpretation of its significance was based on repeated standard clinical assessment of behavioral deficits, the use of a psychological model of processing, and lesion localization to inform understanding of clinic-pathological correlation. The aphasic deficits experienced by a single case were observed and recorded by London neurologist Henry Charlton Bastian — over a period of 18 years and used as a demonstration of clinico-pathological reasoning regarding language function. When this patient died, the autopsy findings were added to the extensive record of his language deficits.
Language acquisition is the process by which humans acquire the capacity to perceive and comprehend language in other words, gain the ability to be aware of language and to understand it , as well as to produce and use words and sentences to communicate. Language acquisition involves structures, rules and representation. The capacity to use language successfully requires one to acquire a range of tools including phonology , morphology , syntax , semantics , and an extensive vocabulary. Language can be vocalized as in speech, or manual as in sign. Even though human language capacity is finite, one can say and understand an infinite number of sentences, which is based on a syntactic principle called recursion. Evidence suggests that every individual has three recursive mechanisms that allow sentences to go indeterminately.
should be used when evaluating language abilities in aphasic stroke greatest disabling impact than any chronic disease . Classical and Contemporary Assessment of Aphasia and Acquired Disorders of Language.
Greek neurolinguistics: The State of the Art
Studies of language disorders have shaped our understanding of brain—language relationships over the last two centuries. This article provides a review of this research and how our thinking has changed over the years regarding how the brain processes language. One hundred years later, the emergence of new brain imaging tools allowed for the visualization of brain injuries in vivo that ushered in a new era of brain-behavior research and greatly expanded our understanding of the neural processes of language. Toward the end of the 20th century, sophisticated neuroimaging approaches allowed for the visualization of both structural and functional brain activity associated with language processing in both healthy individuals and in those with language disturbance. More recently, language is thought to be mediated by a much broader expanse of neural networks that covers a large number of cortical and subcortical regions and their interconnecting fiber pathways.
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We describe preliminary data from two studies aimed at investigating the psychometric properties and validity of newly developed measures of morphological knowledge and skills in Russian, namely, the Word Structure subtest, and the Test of Morphological Awareness, in two samples of young Russian-speaking children. Overall, both instruments demonstrated good psychometric properties when analyzed using both classical test theory and a Rasch-modeling IRT approach, and were positively associated with the criterion measures i.