Population And Development In Nigeria Pdf

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Economists, demographers and other social scientists have long debated the relationship between demographic change and economic outcomes. In recent years, general agreement has emerged to the effect that improving economic conditions for individuals generally lead to lower birth rates.

Demographics of Nigeria

The three largest ethnic groups are the Hausa Most of the population is a young population, with Persons of different ethnic backgrounds most commonly communicate in English , although knowledge of two or more Nigerian languages is widespread. Hausa , Igbo and Yoruba are the most widely used Nigerian languages.

Nigerian Pidgin is used widely as an unofficial medium of communication especially in the Nigerian cities of Warri , Sapele , Ughelli , Benin and Port Harcourt. Nigeria's population has been increasing rapidly for at least the last 5 decades due to very high birth rates, quadrupling its population during this time. Growth was fastest in the s, after child mortality dropped rapidly, and has slowed slightly since then as the birth rate has declined slightly.

According to the revision of the World Population Prospects the total population was ,, in , compared to only 37,, in The proportion of children under the age of 15 in was There is a large population momentum , with 3.

Abuja has not successfully implemented family planning programs to reduce and space births because of a lack of political will, government financing, and the availability and affordability of services and products, as well as a cultural preference for large families. Increased educational attainment, especially among women, and improvements in health care are needed to encourage and to better enable parents to opt for smaller families.

The World Population Prospects predicts that by , Nigeria will become the third most populated country in the world. Over the last 50 years, the Nigeria's urban population has grown at an average annual growth rate of more than 6. Fertility data as of DHS Program : [23]. The total population in sub-Saharan Africa is projected to increase to almost one billion people, making it the most populated region outside of South-Central Asia. Nigeria might then be the 3rd most populous country in the world.

In , the population of Nigeria may reach million. By , Registration of vital events in Nigeria is not complete.

The Population Department of the United Nations prepared the following estimates. The following demographic statistics of Nigeria in are from the World Population Review. Nigeria is Africa's most populous country. Significant population clusters are scattered throughout the country, with the highest density areas being in the south and southwest. Today millions of ethnic Nigerians live abroad, the largest communities can be found in the United Kingdom ,—3,, [35] and the United States ,—1,, Nigerians , other countries that followed closely are South Africa , Gambia , and Canada respectively.

There are between 90, and , Nigerians in Brazil , many of them living illegally without proper documentation. Additionally, there were around , Nigerians living in China in , mostly in the city of Guangzhou , but have since declined to about 10, due to strict immigration enforcement by Chinese officials as many of them were known for engaging in illegal activities. There are also large groups in Ireland , Portugal and many other countries.

Between —, of 1. This is due to the fact that the land now known as Nigeria was a central point for 4 slave trades during the 19th century. Though bondage represented a great deal, an estimated 30, Nigerian inhabitants would relocate to Kano City and Gambia to take advantage of financial opportunities afforded by fertile land and available natural resources. What's more, the presence of gold mines and rail lines along the Gold Coast, present-day Ghana, attracted an estimated 6, Nigerian citizens to attain financial gain and opportunity.

The population of Nigerians in Ghana rose to roughly , before the alien expulsion order would displace nearly the entire population to surrounding countries. Nigeria is nearly equally divided between Christianity and Islam. The majority of Nigerian Muslims are Sunni and are concentrated in the northern, central and south-western zones of the country, while Christians dominate in some central states especially Plateau and Benue states , and the south-east and south-south regions.

According to a Pew survey, The shift of population balance between Muslims and Christians is a result of northern and southern Nigeria being in different stages of demographic transition. Decreasing fertility can be linked to more access to education, use of contraceptives, and differing beliefs regarding family planning. The introduction of Sharia Law in twelve northern Nigerian states led to massive violence and unrest and caused an ethnic and religious rift between Sharia and Non-Sharia states, a divide that has deepened with time.

Nigeria is home to a substantial network of organized crime , active especially in drug trafficking. Nigerian criminal groups are heavily involved in drug trafficking, shipping heroin from Asian countries to Europe and America; and cocaine from South America to Europe and South Africa.

As confraternities have extensive connections with political and military figures, they offer excellent alumni networking opportunities. According to official statistics, gang violence in Lagos resulted in civilians and 84 policemen killed in the period of August to May The expansion of the Nigerian diaspora and organized crime went hand in hand.

Global migration boosted prostitution, drug trafficking and fraud, the three main activities of Nigerian syndicates. The smuggling of Nigerian sex workers became a whole industry that now extends from Switzerland to France and Italy where black prostitutes are called "fireflies" , and has even reached the Prudish Kingdom of Saudi Arabia , from which 1, women are said to be deported every month by the authorities.

The high crime rate among Nigerian migrants also leads to stereotyping Nigerians as criminals; thus, in Cameroon, Nigerian migrants are perceived collectively by the inhabitants of Cameroon as likely to be oil smugglers or dealers in stolen cars.

In the Netherlands , the debate on Nigerian crime reached an intensity described as a " moral panic " by one scholar. Nigeria is also pervaded by political corruption. It is ranked out of countries in Transparency International 's Corruption Perceptions Index.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Aspect of human geography in Nigeria. This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Ethnic groups of Nigeria [32] Ethnic groups percent Hausa. Further information: Emigration from Africa. Main article: Religion in Nigeria. Main article: Crime in Nigeria. African Population Studies. Retrieved 10 April Retrieved 24 November Carl; Ukata, Patrick 25 October The Oxford Handbook of Nigerian Politics.

Oxford University Press. China and Africa. University of Pennsylvania Press. Journal of Consumer Marketing. SAGE Open. Journal of Universal Language. Retrieved 27 May The Journal of Modern African Studies. Archived from the original on 6 May Retrieved 13 August Retrieved 29 August Archived from the original PDF on 6 July Retrieved 27 August Population and Development: The Demographic Transition.

ProQuest: Zed Books. Retrieved 15 July The World Factbook. Archived from the original PDF on 29 September Retrieved Archived from the original PDF on 20 January Retrieved 19 April Foreign and Commonwealth Office. Archived from the original on 29 June Archived from the original on 27 August Research on Humanities and Social Sciences. Archived from the original PDF on 10 October Archived from the original PDF on 23 July Retrieved 29 December Retrieved 16 May BBC News.

Federal Bureau of Investigation. Archived from the original on 6 September Retrieved 7 June The Economist. Archived from the original on 2 July

Nigeria Demographics

This study is directed toward the relationship between population growth and socioeconomic development in Nigeria for the period A controlled population growth would positively affect every segment of the economic and social environment. With hunger and starvation, disease, poverty and illiteracy plaguing large portions of the world, Nigeria's limited resources would best be utilized if shared among a smaller population, Nigeria, like other developing African countries, does not have an official population control policy. The diversity in the Nigerian culture, the controversial nature of the subject of population control, and possibly, implementation difficulties, account for the absence of a Asongwe, Michael N.

PIP: The population of Nigeria is growing at a rate of 3. Demographers estimated the population to be 91,, in Moreover rural-urban migration is growing. A major reason for rural-urban migration is the dual nature of the economy in Nigeria. In urban areas, economic development brings about higher standards of living, but, in rural areas, a subsistence economy predominates. This coupled with rapid population growth results in small or no growth in per capita income.

Strengthening the home-to-facility continuum of newborn and child health care through mHealth: Evidence from an intervention in rural Malawi Jean Christophe Fotso,Linda Vesel,Zachariah Jezman. Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa and has a very high population momentum with an annual growth rate of 3. This momentum can be a panacea for development and economic growth if well harnessed. The focus of the article is to provide an overview of population dynamics in Nigeria with a view to situating this within a broader context of contemporary population and development discourse. The article benefited immensely from secondary data sources and desk review of evidence. SUNJournals Help.


The environment experiences crisis when its economic growth skyrockets its capacity limit. Developing countries like Nigeria and some other countries in the Sub-.


Nigeria Demographics

Many people know that development shapes population trends—for example, rising incomes usually lead to falling birthrates. But the reverse is also true: population trends can impede or hasten development. CGD's work on population focuses on this often neglected interaction. Traditional population research seeks to understand the macro- and micro-level connections between demographic trends, poverty, and economic growth. However, precise links between population and poverty remain unclear: economic growth alone does not pull individuals out of poverty and reduced fertility rates do not necessarily yield higher economic growth.

Demographic Transition and Rural Development in Nigeria

This is a demographic study of Nigeria between Relationships between population growth and economic development are described in detail. Comparisons are made of demographic growth in Nigeria with other developing countries, particularly those in Africa.

The Nigeria Population Live counter shows a continuously updated estimate of the current population of Nigeria delivered by Worldometer's RTS algorithm , which processes data collected from the United Nations Population Division. The Population of Nigeria - chart plots the total population count as of July 1 of each year, from to Population : Overall total population both sexes and all ages in the country as of July 1 of the year indicated, as estimated by the United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The Revision. For forecasted years, the U.

Population of Nigeria (2020 and historical)

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The three largest ethnic groups are the Hausa Most of the population is a young population, with Persons of different ethnic backgrounds most commonly communicate in English , although knowledge of two or more Nigerian languages is widespread. Hausa , Igbo and Yoruba are the most widely used Nigerian languages. Nigerian Pidgin is used widely as an unofficial medium of communication especially in the Nigerian cities of Warri , Sapele , Ughelli , Benin and Port Harcourt.

This site uses cookies to optimize functionality and give you the best possible experience. If you continue to navigate this website beyond this page, cookies will be placed on your browser. Nigeria is a multi-ethnic and culturally diverse federation which consists of 36 autonomous states and the Federal Capital Territory. The political landscape is partly dominated by the ruling All Progressives Congress party APC which holds out of seats at the National Assembly; 64 out of seats in the Senate; and 19 out of 36 State Governors. Since , the Nigerian security landscape has been consistently shaped by the war against Boko Haram terrorist group in the northern states.

Population, poverty and economic development

Many people know that development shapes population trends—for example, rising incomes usually lead to falling birthrates. But the reverse is also true: population trends can impede or hasten development. CGD's work on population focuses on this often neglected interaction.

Population growth has remained a key issue facing developing economies in the world. While developed countries are experiencing diminished or negative population growth, many countries in sub-Saharan Africa including Nigeria are having population growth above the economic growth rate. With the deadline for the sustainable development goals approaching, attention is increasingly being focused on population growth and human capital development. Extant literature focused on population growth, human resource utilization and economic growth but this study aims to examine the effect of population growth on human resource utilization. Using secondary data for the period , the study conducted unit root test and co-integration analyses to determine the stationarity and correlation in the long-run in the variables.

Skip to search form Skip to main content You are currently offline. Some features of the site may not work correctly. Akokuwebe and R. Akokuwebe , R. The discourse on population growth has generally given a picture that the increase in the population of any society will negatively affect the utilisation of resources and ultimately overall development.

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  1. Cumpsturince

    This study is directed toward the relationship between population growth and socioeconomic development in Nigeria for the period

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