Internal And External Devices Of Computer Pdf

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A peripheral device is generally defined as any auxiliary device such as a computer mouse or keyboard, that connects to and works with the computer in some way. RAM—random access memory—straddles the line between peripheral and primary component; it is technically a storage peripheral, but is required for every major function of a modern computer and removing the RAM will effectively disable any modern machine.

internal and external memory of computer pdf

A connection point that acts as interface between the computer and external devices like mouse, printer, modem, etc. Serial ports transmit data sequentially one bit at a time. So they need only one wire to transmit 8 bits. However it also makes them slower. Serial ports are usually 9-pin or pin male connectors. Parallel ports can send or receive 8 bits or 1 byte at a time. Parallel ports come in form of pin female pins and are used to connect printer, scanner, external hard disk drive, etc.

Isaac Computer Science

Hardware refers to the physical, tangible computer equipment and devices, which provide support for major functions such as input, processing internal storage, computation and control , output, secondary storage for data and programs , and communication. A computer system is a set of integrated devices that input, output, process, and store data and information. Computer systems are currently built around at least one digital processing device. There are five main hardware components in a computer system: Input, Processing, Storage, Output and Communication devices. Are devices used for entering data or instructions to the central processing unit.

Such devices make up the peripheral equipment of modern digital computer systems. Peripherals are commonly divided into three kinds: input devices, output devices, and storage devices which partake of the characteristics of the first two. An input device converts incoming data and instructions into a pattern of electrical signals in binary code that are comprehensible to a digital computer. An output device reverses the process, translating the digitized signals into a form intelligible to the user. At one time punched-card and paper-tape readers were extensively used for inputting, but these have now been supplanted by more efficient devices.

Peripheral device

It is working memory of the computer. Internal fragmentation occurs when memory is divided into fixed sized partitions. As soon as the machine is switched off, data is erased. Internal memory corresponds to what we call random access memory RAM.

1 Response
  1. Isabel W.

    External and Internal Computer Components. Internal Hardware. 1. Motherboard-​Contains all of the connections that allow the carious other.

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