Douglas Mcgregor X And Y Theory Pdf

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McGregor's XY Theory of Management

Theory X and Theory Y are still referred to commonly in the field of management and motivation, and whilst more recent studies have questioned the rigidity of the model, Mcgregor's X-Y Theory remains a valid basic principle from which to develop positive management style and techniques. McGregor's XY Theory remains central to organisational development, and to improving organisational culture. McGregor's X-Y theory is a salutary and simple reminder of the natural rules for managing people, which under the pressure of day-to-day business are all too easily forgotten. Perhaps the most noticeable aspects of McGregor's XY Theory - and the easiest to illustrate - are found in the behaviours of autocratic managers and organisations which use autocratic management styles. Typically characteristics for an X-Theory manager are most or all of these:. Working for an X theory boss isn't easy - some extreme X-Theory managers make extremely unpleasant managers, but there are ways of managing these people upwards.

Douglas Mcgregor Theory X Theory Y Pdf To Excel

In , Douglas McGregor formulated Theory X and Theory Y suggesting two aspects of human behaviour at work, or in other words, two different views of individuals employees : one of which is negative, called as Theory X and the other is positive, so called as Theory Y. According to McGregor, the perception of managers on the nature of individuals is based on various assumptions. Thus, he encouraged cordial team relations, responsible and stimulating jobs, and participation of all in decision-making process. View All Articles. Similar Articles Under - Motivation. To Know more, click on About Us. The use of this material is free for learning and education purpose.


Theory X and Theory Y are theories of human work motivation and management. They were created by Douglas McGregor while he was working at the MIT.


Theory X & Theory Y

During the past 30 years, managers have been bombarded with two competing approaches to the problems of human administration and organization. The first, usually called the classical school of organization, emphasizes the need for well-established lines of authority, clearly defined jobs, and authority equal to responsibility. The second, often called the participative approach, focuses on […]. The second, often called the participative approach, focuses on the desirability of involving organization members in decision making so that they will be more highly motivated.

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Theory X and Theory Y are theories of human work motivation and management. The two theories proposed by McGregor describe contrasting models of workforce motivation applied by managers in human resource management , organizational behavior , organizational communication and organizational development. Theory X explains the importance of heightened supervision, external rewards, and penalties, while Theory Y highlights the motivating role of job satisfaction and encourages workers to approach tasks without direct supervision. Management use of Theory X and Theory Y can affect employee motivation and productivity in different ways, and managers may choose to implement strategies from both theories into their practices.

 Да, - ответил дружный хор голосов. - Так вот… - Соши шумно вздохнула.  - Похоже, я ошиблась. - Что?! - чуть не подпрыгнул Джабба.

При первых же признаках опасности я отправлю к нему профессионалов. Слова Стратмора внезапно были прерваны постукиванием по стеклянной стене Третьего узла. Они обернулись. Сотрудник отдела обеспечения системной безопасности Фил Чатрукьян, приникнув лицом к стеклу, отчаянно барабанил по нему, стараясь разглядеть, есть ли кто-нибудь внутри. Он что-то говорил, но сквозь звуконепроницаемую перегородку слов не было слышно.

 - Клюквенный сок. Бармен смотрел на него озадаченно. - Solo? - Клюквенный сок популярен в Испании, но пить его в чистом виде - неслыханное .

Он хоть и крупный, но слабак.  - Она кокетливо улыбнулась Беккеру.

5 Response
  1. Marvin E.

    McGregor believed that managers' basic beliefs have a dominant influence on the way that organisations are run. Managers' assumptions about the behaviour of people are central to this. Theory X and Theory Y describe two views of people at work and may be used to describe two opposing management styles.

  2. Sebastian J.

    PDF | Douglas McGregor's landmark book, The Human Side of Enterprise, changed the path of management thinking and practice by.

  3. MichГЁle P.

    In his book, The Human Side of Enterprise , McGregor proposed two theories by which managers perceive and address employee motivation.

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