File Name: human rights and citizenship rights .zip
Human Rights and Democracy
Drafted by representatives with different legal and cultural backgrounds from all regions of the world, the Declaration was proclaimed by the United Nations General Assembly in Paris on 10 December General Assembly resolution A as a common standard of achievements for all peoples and all nations. It sets out, for the first time, fundamental human rights to be universally protected and it has been translated into over languages. Download PDF. Whereas recognition of the inherent dignity and of the equal and inalienable rights of all members of the human family is the foundation of freedom, justice and peace in the world,. Whereas disregard and contempt for human rights have resulted in barbarous acts which have outraged the conscience of mankind, and the advent of a world in which human beings shall enjoy freedom of speech and belief and freedom from fear and want has been proclaimed as the highest aspiration of the common people,.
They exercise their sovereign power either directly or through their democratically elected representatives. Every person has the right to lodge a case in court if a right or fundamental freedom in the Bill of Rights is denied, violated or threatened. Kenyans have an obligation to ensure people serving in the independent Commissions are properly vetted as they are tasked to protect the sovereignty of the people, ensure the State organs keep democratic values and principles and promote constitutionalism. Members of the public have the right of access to parliamentary sittings and those of its committees and can give contributions. The Executive authority the Presidency obtains its power from the citizens of Kenya and acts as empowered by the constitution.
Over representatives of governments, education institutions and civil society organisations debated the future of citizenship and human rights education in Europe at a conference in Strasbourg on June Participants discussed current challenges and opportunities in this area, shared examples of good practices and lessons learned, and proposed recommendations for future action, including specific criteria and mechanisms for evaluation of progress, in particular in the framework of the Council of Europe Charter on education for democratic citizenship and human rights. More conference information Education plays an essential role in the promotion of the core values of the Council of Europe: democracy, human rights and the rule of law, as well as in the prevention of human rights violations. More generally, education is increasingly seen as a defense against the rise of violence, racism, extremism, xenophobia, discrimination and intolerance. Read more.
What are human rights?
Human rights are like armour: they protect you; they are like rules, because they tell you how you can behave; and they are like judges, because you can appeal to them. They are abstract — like emotions; and like emotions, they belong to everyone and they exist no matter what happens. They are like nature because they can be violated; and like the spirit because they cannot be destroyed. Like time, they treat us all in the same way — rich and poor, old and young, white and black, tall and short. They offer us respect, and they charge us to treat others with respect.
The protection of fundamental human rights was a foundation stone in the establishment of the United States over years ago. Since then, a central goal of U. Supporting democracy not only promotes such fundamental American values as religious freedom and worker rights, but also helps create a more secure, stable, and prosperous global arena in which the United States can advance its national interests. In addition, democracy is the one national interest that helps to secure all the others. Democratically governed nations are more likely to secure the peace, deter aggression, expand open markets, promote economic development, protect American citizens, combat international terrorism and crime, uphold human and worker rights, avoid humanitarian crises and refugee flows, improve the global environment, and protect human health. The United States uses a wide range of tools to advance a freedom agenda, including bilateral diplomacy, multilateral engagement, foreign assistance, reporting and public outreach, and economic sanctions. The Department of State works with democratic partners, international and regional organizations, nongovernmental organizations, and engaged citizens to support those seeking freedom.
Civil and political rights are a class of rights that protect individuals ' freedom from infringement by governments , social organizations , and private individuals. They ensure one's entitlement to participate in the civil and political life of society and the state without discrimination or repression. Civil rights include the ensuring of peoples' physical and mental integrity , life , and safety ; protection from discrimination on grounds such as race , gender , sexual orientation , gender identity , national origin , color , age , political affiliation , ethnicity , religion , and disability ;    and individual rights such as privacy and the freedom of thought , speech , religion , press , assembly , and movement. Political rights include natural justice procedural fairness in law , such as the rights of the accused , including the right to a fair trial ; due process ; the right to seek redress or a legal remedy ; and rights of participation in civil society and politics such as freedom of association , the right to assemble , the right to petition , the right of self-defense , and the right to vote. Civil and political rights form the original and main part of international human rights.
Your human rights
The relationship of citizenship and human rights has become a central issue for contemporary politics. This chapter begins with a brief overview of theories of human rights, before addressing two pivotal topics for this relationship: a human right to citizenship as membership of a state and a human right to democracy. It then turns to consider the practical salience of the international human rights regime for citizenship and human rights, before concluding with a discussion of the relationship of human rights as cosmopolitan norms to the principle of the self-determination of peoples. Keywords: Citizenship , human rights , statelessness , democracy , cosmopolitan , self-determination.
Debating Transformations of National Citizenship pp Cite as. The best way to avoid The calamities of the rightless for whom no law exists Arendt is not only to strengthen citizenship protections. That may well have the perverse consequences of, on the one hand, rendering citizenship ever harder to achieve, and on the other, relegating noncitizens to an increasingly rightless realm. We must do the harder, more basic work of defining and instantiating meaningful human rights protections for all people, regardless of status, or location. It is of highly-questionable efficacy and legitimacy as punishment; 1. But my point is not to propose a metric capable of measuring the quantitative, qualitative, experiential, emotional, personal, familial, cultural, social, financial, linguistic and political impacts of exile on any individual, in order that some state official could determine precisely when citizenship revocation inflicts an appropriate versus excessive degree of punishment.
Follis, Lancaster University In principle, no human individual should be rendered stateless: the Universal Declaration of Human Rights stipulates that the right to have or change citizenship cannot be denied. In practice, the legal claim of citizenship is a slippery concept that can be manipulated to serve state interests.
The Human Right to Citizenship provides an accessible overview of citizenship around the globe, focusing on empirical cases of denied or weakened legal rights. This wide-ranging volume provides a theoretical framework to understand the particular ambiguities, paradoxes, and evolutions of citizenship regimes in the twenty-first century. Follis, Lancaster University. The Human Right to Citizenship.
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The USAID Democracy, Human Rights and Governance strategy includes human rights as a stand-alone development objective and organizes the work into two overarching streams:. The first area of work manifests itself across development sectors and also has a strong role in our empowerment and inclusion activities such as our work with people with disabilities and counter discrimination in access to public services. The second area of work manifests in the democracy and governance sector and includes work to protect the right of all citizens to participate in free elections and be elected, freedom of assembly and expression in support of civil society and human rights defenders, assisting local actors to document human rights violations and pursue justice, combating forced labor and human trafficking, as well access to justice, particularly in transitional situations, and enhanced transparency of governance systems to realize and safeguard human rights.
Civil and political rights are a class of rights that protect individuals ' freedom from infringement by governments , social organizations , and private individuals. They ensure one's entitlement to participate in the civil and political life of society and the state without discrimination or repression.