File Name: common cold symptoms and treatment .zip
The common cold and the flu may seem very similar at first. They are indeed both respiratory illnesses and can cause similar symptoms. However, different viruses cause these two conditions, and your symptoms will gradually help you differentiate between the two. Both a cold and the flu share a few common symptoms. People with either illness often experience:. Another distinct difference between the two is how serious they are.
Sneezing, stuffy and runny nose? You might have a cold. Colds are one of the most frequent reasons for missed school and work. Every year, adults have an average of 2 to 3 colds, and children have even more. Viruses that cause colds can spread from person to person through the air and close personal contact. When you have a cold, mucus fills your nose and could cause post-nasal drip, headache, and a sore throat. When you have a cold, a sore throat could last for 8 days; a headache for 9 or 10 days; and congestion, runny nose, and cough could last for more than 14 days.
The common cold, also known as an upper respiratory tract infection , occurs more than 1 billion times each year in the United States. Most adults can expect to have 4 to 6 colds per year. Children often have more than 9 colds per year, especially if they attend child-care facilities, where they are exposed to other children with colds. The May 28, , issue of JAMA includes an article about upper respiratory tract infections and proper use of antibiotics. Colds are caused by viruses.
The common cold is an acute, self-limiting viral infection of the upper respiratory tract involving the nose, sinuses, pharynx and larynx. The virus is spread by hand contact with secretions from an infected person direct or indirect or aerosol of the secretions and virus. For example, fever is common in children but rare and mild in adults.