Literature Review In Peace And Conflict Pdf

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Critiquing and Joining Intersections of Disaster, Conflict, and Peace Research

Peace and conflict studies is a social science field that identifies and analyzes violent and nonviolent behaviours as well as the structural mechanisms attending conflicts including social conflicts , with a view towards understanding those processes which lead to a more desirable human condition. This social science is in contrast to military studies , which has as its aim on the efficient attainment of victory in conflicts, primarily by violent means to the satisfaction of one or more, but not all, parties involved. Disciplines involved may include philosophy , political science , geography , economics , psychology , sociology , international relations , history , anthropology , religious studies , and gender studies , as well as a variety of others. Relevant sub-disciplines of such fields, such as peace economics , may be regarded as belonging to peace and conflict studies also. Peace and conflict studies is both a pedagogical activity, in which teachers transmit knowledge to students; and a research activity, in which researchers create new knowledge about the sources of conflict. Peace and conflict studies entails understanding the concept of peace which is defined as political condition that ensures justice and social stability through formal and informal institutions, practices, and norms. Academics and students in the world's oldest universities have long been motivated by an interest in peace.

Diasporas’ Multiple Roles in Peace and Conflict: A Review of Current Debates

Diasporas can play multiple roles in both the host country and the homeland, and their activities can varyingly contribute towards peace-building processes or perpetuate conflict back home. In this article, we wish to reflect upon the current discussions in this field, while considering the heterogeneity between and within diaspora communities as well as the generational dynamics of diaspora activism. Moreover, we consider how the dynamics of peace-building and conflict perpetuation can transform over time with subsequent generations. We also discuss the role the second generation can play in relation to peace and conflict. Adamson, F. European Journal of International Relations, 13 4 : The new Turkish diaspora policy: its aims, their limits and the challenges for associations of people of Turkish origin and decision-makers in Germany.

Disaster research, conflict research, and peace research have rich and deep histories, yet they do not always fully intersect or learn from each other, even when they investigate if and how disasters lead to conflict or peace. Scholarship has tended to focus on investigating causal linkages between disaster including those associated with climate change and conflict, and disaster diplomacy emerged as a thread of explanatory research that investigates how and why disaster-related activities do and do not influence peace and conflict. However, definitive conclusions on the disaster-conflict-peace nexus have evaded scientific consensus, in part due to conceptual, methodological, and interpretive differences among studies. Examples are concepts of destructive and constructive conflict; direct, structural, and cultural violence, and their relationships to vulnerability; negative and positive peace; and the ideals and realities of peacebuilding and conflict transformation. This article demonstrates how integrated scholarship could open up and advance new lines of questioning, with implications for developing coherent research, policy, and practice. The article concludes by offering recommendations for how to better connect disaster, conflict, and peace research.

Peace and conflict studies

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It revolves around developing constructive personal, group, and political relationships across ethnic , religious , class , national , and racial boundaries. This process includes violence prevention ; conflict management , resolution , or transformation ; and post-conflict reconciliation or trauma healing, i. As such, peacebuilding is a multidisciplinary , cross-sector technique or method which becomes strategic when it works over the long run and at all levels of society to establish and sustain relationships among people locally and globally—thus engendering sustainable peace. The methods included in peacebuilding vary depending on the situation and the agent of peacebuilding.

Research projects and other activities focus on attaining positive peace in just societies with plentiful resources for non-violent responses to conflict. The expertise of staff and guest contributors includes peace journalism, transitional justice, genocide studies, human rights, reconciliation, non-violence, the United Nations and the psychology of peace. Our long-established Distance Learning Program offers a globally recognised postgraduate degree without requiring students to relocate — we offer a combination of online study and brief trips to Sydney for intensive units. Graduates in Peace and Conflict Studies have gone on to navigate careers in a range of organisations including aid agencies and international non-government organisations, media and government. Peace and Conflict Studies focuses on the interconnections between peace, conflict, justice and human rights.

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 Думаю, нет нужды спрашивать, куда направился Дэвид, - хмуро сказала. ГЛАВА 17 Дэвид Беккер ступил на раскаленные плиты площади Испании. Прямо перед ним над деревьями возвышалось Аюнтамьенто - старинное здание ратуши, которое окружали три акра бело-голубой мозаики азульехо. Его арабские шпили и резной фасад создавали впечатление скорее дворца - как и было задумано, - чем общественного учреждения. За свою долгую историю оно стало свидетелем переворотов, пожаров и публичных казней, однако большинство туристов приходили сюда по совершенно иной причине: туристические проспекты рекламировали его как английский военный штаб в фильме Лоуренс Аравийский. Коламбия пикчерз было гораздо дешевле снять эту картину в Испании, нежели в Египте, а мавританское влияние на севильскую архитектуру с легкостью убедило кинозрителей в том, что перед их глазами Каир.

Беккер не сразу почувствовал, что его кто-то подталкивает. Подняв глаза, он увидел старика с усыпанным родинками лицом, который стоял перед ним, намереваясь пройти. Беккера охватила паника. Он уже хочет уйти. Выходит, мне придется встать. Он жестом предложил старику перешагнуть через него, но тот пришел в негодование и еле сдержался. Подавшись назад, он указал на целую очередь людей, выстроившихся в проходе.

 - Я сказал, что вируса в шифровалке. Тебе надо лечиться от паранойи. В трубке повисло молчание. - Мидж… - Джабба попробовал извиниться.  - Позволь мне объяснить.  - Голос его, однако, мягче не .

Diasporas’ Multiple Roles in Peace and Conflict: A Review of Current Debates

Сплошная мистификация. Блестящий замысел. Выходит, Стратмор был зрителем теннисного матча, следящим за мячом лишь на одной половине корта.

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  1. Carles P.

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  2. Luca R.

    Peace and conflict studies often involve an exploration of the Johan Galtung, one of the founders in the field of peace and conflict studies Available online at Sharp, Gene. usfca​.edu/arts-sciences/research/peace-review-journal (date accessed—).

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