File Name: difference between civil service and public service in ghana .zip
The civil service is a collective term for a sector of government composed mainly of career civil servants hired on professional merit rather than appointed or elected, whose institutional tenure typically survives transitions of political leadership. A civil servant is a person employed in the public sector by a government department or agency or public sector undertakings.
What Is a Civil Servant?
The terms civil service and public service seem to refer to very similar concepts but there is a significant difference between the two. Public servants are not has high ranked and provide basic services to the population and to the most needy segments of society. Civil service is a service provided by the government to all citizens. It is performed by civil servants, highly skilled individuals who achieved their positions for merit, who operate in the interest of the general public.
Some of the services provided for by civil service include:. Civil service allows the government to provide basic services to all citizens and to run efficiently all its various departments. Just like civil service, public service is a service offered by the government to all individuals under its jurisdiction , including the most needy segment of societies. It is performed by public servants and includes services like:.
Aside from the members of the just mentioned official bodies, public servants are not necessarily skilled or qualified individuals. In fact, they can perform various tasks — including volunteering — that do not require particular abilities but that fall within the services offered to the citizens by the government. Civil service and public service are very similar concepts. The main similarities between the two include:. The main difference between civil service and public service concerns the degree of responsibility and the different tasks given to the public and civil servants:.
Building on the differences outlined and analyzed in the previous section, we can identify few other aspects that differentiate civil service from public service. Civil service is performed by the highest skilled individuals who have the responsibility of implementing public policies, of providing services to the public and of serving the interests of the country. Conversely, public service is performed by individuals who do not need to be highly qualified and can be done on a voluntary basis.
Public servants include firefighters and police officers, but also volunteers and privates that provide services to the community and to the neediest segments of society. Nice write up. But can we really classify teachers as public servants going by this piece.
Because they are employed for their professional and academic skills and qualifications… Just thinking, any enlightenment? Teachers can be classified as public servants because not all are qualified and experienced in the profession.
Your email address will not be published. Notify me of followup comments via e-mail. What is Civil Service? Some of the services provided for by civil service include: Paying pensions and benefits ; Running and managing prisons; Issuing driving licenses; Representing the government in international organizations and in foreign countries ; and Managing employment services.
What is Public Service? Author Recent Posts. Giulia Squadrin. Latest posts by Giulia Squadrin see all. Please I need a reference to this nice post Reply. Pls I need the references on this topic. Thanks Reply. So awesome a post It very revealing and self explanatory Kudos Reply. ThanKs alot for this Reply. Great explanation on the difference of these two. Trying to debate with someone.
Is a teacher considered a public servant or a civil servant? Teacher is a public servant Reply. A teacher is a public servant Reply. Sorry, how is a teacher a public servant? Good one Reply. Great explanation thanks alot Reply. Awesome Article indeed. Its perfectly clear. Nice Reply. Please cite examples Reply. Thank you Reply. Please tell me everything about civil service. Is a teacher or a lecturer public schools a public servant or civil servant Reply.
That good explanation of both two Reply. Great one thank you. Fantastic Reply. Teachers can be classified as public servants because not all are qualified and experienced in the profession Reply.
Leave a Reply Cancel reply Your email address will not be published. Civil servants earn high salaries and have more responsibilities than public servants. Civil servants can become heads of key governmental departments and have a significant impact on the ways in which policies are implemented. Public servants may or may not have good salaries and they have generally less responsibilities than civil servants.
Performing public service, in particular services for the neediest persons, can be done on a voluntary basis. Civil service is always financed by the central government and is publicly regulated. The government appoints the best candidates in its various departments; as such, civil servants can work in various ministries, governmental agencies and international governmental organizations i. Public service is not always financed by the central government.
Indeed, in most cases the government allocates funds to provide basic services to all citizens, but public service can also be performed by privates and can be done on a voluntary basis.
Civil servants work to benefit the general public every day. Professionals in civil service positions protect, educate, provide for and assist their fellow citizens. If you are interested in a career as a civil servant, there are a multitude of jobs and roles from which you can choose. In this article, we define the term civil servant, look at different types of civil servant jobs and discuss how you can find a job in this field. A civil servant is a professional who works for the government at the local or federal level. Civil servants can work in their local communities, in a state office or Washington D. Each branch and department of the government hires employees, handles personnel and determines employee policies independently.
Public sector capacity was not as major an issue as in Ghana, but the economic Significant definitional differences exist between the three civil services.
Public Sector Management and Reform
Civil service , the body of government officials who are employed in civil occupations that are neither political nor judicial. In most countries the term refers to employees selected and promoted on the basis of a merit and seniority system, which may include examinations. As the powers of monarchs and princes declined and as, in some countries, their sovereignty was denied them, appointment became a matter of personal choice by ministers and heads of departments.
The civil service, an integral part of the executive branch of government, is a major component of the public services of Ghana, which come under supervision of the Public Services Commission. Ghana's civil service is organized along British lines and constitutes one of the most enduring legacies of British colonial rule. The constitution provides that the president, acting in accordance with the advice of the Public Services Commission, appoint a public officer to head the civil service.
The Civil Service
Poverty, Livelihoods, and Governance in Africa pp Cite as. I n various phases, African countries have been engaging in efforts at public sector management reform. This is being done to overhaul their administrative systems to better serve the needs of both government and the citizenry with improved delivery of public services to reduce poverty, improve livelihoods, and sustain good governance. Those three phase or waves of reform have been identified as 1 focusing on fiscal consolidation, cost reduction, and containment measures within the framework of structural adjustment programs, including rationalizing the machinery of government; 2 emphasizing capacity building; and 3 focusing on improving service delivery. However, the most impactful of these reform efforts has been undertaken in the third phase within the framework of the new public management NPM paradigm and this chapter is concerned with those outcomes. Unable to display preview.
This discussion has gone on since our attainment of nationhood. Of course, it is not posed in those terms and is raised at every change of government.
The terms civil service and public service seem to refer to very similar concepts but there is a significant difference between the two. Public servants are not has high ranked and provide basic services to the population and to the most needy segments of society. Civil service is a service provided by the government to all citizens. It is performed by civil servants, highly skilled individuals who achieved their positions for merit, who operate in the interest of the general public. Some of the services provided for by civil service include:.
Civil service , the body of government officials who are employed in civil occupations that are neither political nor judicial. In most countries the term refers to employees selected and promoted on the basis of a merit and seniority system, which may include examinations. As the powers of monarchs and princes declined and as, in some countries, their sovereignty was denied them, appointment became a matter of personal choice by ministers and heads of departments. The influence senior civil servants may wield over policy and the need for them to work in close harmony with ministers induce all governments to insist on complete freedom of choice in appointments, even when, as in Great Britain, the freedom is rarely invoked. In some countries, notably the United States , senior advisers usually are replaced whenever a new administration takes office.