File Name: present participle and gerund .zip
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- When to Use Gerunds and Infinitives: 5 Simple Rules for English Learners
- 05. Gerund and Present Participle
The gerund is obtained by adding the -ing tag to a verb root. Functions: 1. Example: Standing at the door, he knocks.
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Going to the beach? Playing video games? Hiking walking? Maybe all you want to do is to read comic books. But we used infinitives to describe them.
Gerunds and infinitives are very common in the English language. They can be used in many situations.
Sometimes you may use an infinitive and a gerund. Sometimes you have to choose between the two, because using one may be completely wrong.
And knowing the difference between them and using them correctly are essential to speaking English properly, especially in business English settings.
F or that, the resource that we would most recommend is Creativa. Creativa provides premium, highly produced videos for learning English and business communication skills. Creativa provides entertaining videos, useful but unexpected tips, and goes beyond just English to teach you body language, intonation and specific pronunciation tips. Creativa is a new product from the FluentU team. So how do you know when to use an infinitive and when to use a gerund?
Our five simple rules are sure to help! Download: This blog post is available as a convenient and portable PDF that you can take anywhere. Click here to get a copy. This is the present continuous. It is not a gerund. This is present simple , but it contains a gerund. While the rules below will help you understand how infinitives and gerunds should be used, you should make sure to practice them so you can use them in real life.
One easy way to do this is by learning with FluentU videos—which include movie trailers, music videos, news and other types of fun real-world videos. FluentU videos come with interactive captions that tell you the definition of any word, and also show you how that word can be used in a sentence. Making friends has become more difficult since I moved to a new city. Becoming a millionaire is a dream of many young people today. All three sentences sound like normal, everyday English.
Shakespeare is one of the greatest authors of all time, but his English is famously difficult to understand. It is formal and it is art. So, it is possible to use both infinitives and gerunds as subjects, but gerunds are much more commonly used as subjects. Just pay attention to how the choice reflects on the tone and meaning of your sentences.
Both sentences are correct, but one has an infinitive as the object and the other has a gerund as the object. Some verbs require a gerund and some will require an infinitive. There are lots of verbs that require an infinitive after.
You will learn them naturally, as you progress in your English studies. It is not easy to graduate from university. It is necessary to speak English to work in a hotel. It is wonderful to have close friends. When you describe something with an adjective underlined in the examples above , an infinitive should follow in bold.
But remember! If you want to make that object into a subject see Rule 1 , a gerund should be used:. Speaking English is necessary to work in a hotel. This dress is too big to wear. This car is too expensive to buy.
My child is not tall enough to ride this rollercoaster. This rule is useful enough to understand the usage of infinitives! Start with these examples. Prepositions can follow any word, be it a noun, a pronoun, a verb or an adjective.
In the examples below, the prepositions are underlined, followed by the gerunds in bold. Novels about growing up are popular among teenagers. I have an interest in becoming a painter. I forgive you for not telling the truth. She is thinking about trying martial arts. I am wary of going alone. It is called a conjunction. I had no choice but to follow her. I had to follow her. Mary only stopped to get gas. There is nothing left for me to do but to collect my money and go.
I only have to collect my money and go. Just follow the rule of gerunds after prepositions, and you will get it right most of the time! Gerunds and infinitives may be confusing, but they make your English speech more varied and colorful.
The more you notice gerunds and infinitives in your study of the English language, the easier it will get! In this situation, try changing the sentence and saying what you want to say in a different way. Learn all the vocabulary in any video with games and quizzes. FluentU helps you learn fast with useful questions and multiple examples. Start using FluentU on the website with your computer or tablet or, better yet, download the FluentU app.
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When to Use Gerunds and Infinitives: 5 Simple Rules for English Learners
While the sentence around them may be past, present, or future tense, the non-finite verbs themselves are neutral. There are three types of non-finite verbs: gerunds, participles, and infinitives. Gerunds act like nouns and can serve as subjects or objects of sentences. They can be created using active or helping verbs:. A participle is a form of a verb that is used in a sentence to modify a noun, noun phrase, verb, or verb phrase, and then plays a role similar to an adjective or adverb. It is one of the types of nonfinite verb forms.
The form is identical, the difference is in the function, or the job the word does in the sentence. The gerund: This always has the same function as a noun although it looks like a verb , so it can be used:. She is good at painting. This construction is particularly useful with the verb 'to go', as in these common expressions : to go shopping to go ski-ing to go fishing to go surfing to go walking to go swimming to go running to go dancing. I heard someone singing. He saw his friend walking along the road. I can smell something burning!
Going to the beach? Playing video games? Hiking walking? Maybe all you want to do is to read comic books. But we used infinitives to describe them. Gerunds and infinitives are very common in the English language. They can be used in many situations.
05. Gerund and Present Participle
Both a gerund and a present participle come from a verb, and both end in —ing. However, each has a different function. A gerund acts like a noun while a present participle acts like a verb or adjective.
State whether the —ing forms given in the following sentences are participles or gerunds. In the case of participles, name the noun or pronoun they qualify. In the case of gerunds, state what function they serve in the sentence.
Navigate to the page 3. Examples: Swimming helps to build muscles. I hate packing suitcases.. If the verbal is a participle, write the noun that it is modifying.
The objective of the study are 1 to find out how many gerunds used in the national news of Jakarta Post Online, 2 to find out how many participles used in national news of Jakarta Post Online, 3 to find out the verbal dominantly used in the National News of Jakarta Post, 4 the dominant position of gerund used in ational News of Jakarta Post Online, 5 to find out the dominant type of verbal used in National News of Jakarta Post. The National news are analyzed in term gerund and participle, 4 position of gerund as subject, object, subject complement, and object of preposition , two types of participles present participles and past participles. The finding shows that 1 there are 34 or