Discuss Agamemnon And Oedipus As Tragic Heroes Pdf

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Oedipus is the tragically fated lead character of Oedipus the King by the Greek playwright Sophocles. Abandoned as a baby by his parents King Laius and Queen Jocasta of Thebes, Oedipus is fated to kill his father and marry his mother. Despite his terrible fate, Oedipus is often an admirable character.

A tragic hero is the protagonist of a tragedy. In his Poetics , Aristotle records the descriptions of the tragic hero to the playwright and strictly defines the place that the tragic hero must play and the kind of man he must be. Aristotle based his observations on previous dramas. He establishes the concept that pity is an emotion that must be elicited when, through his actions, the character receives undeserved misfortune, while the emotion of fear must be felt by the audience when they contemplate that such misfortune could possibly befall themselves in similar situations. Aristotle explains such change of fortune "should be not from bad to good, but, reversely, from good to bad.

Oedipus as a Tragic Hero

In his struggle against the evil of his life, written by his fate, he invites the very doom he has always struggled to escape from. The name of Oedipus, which means "swell foot" in Greek, comes from his swollen feet. Oedipus is that ill-fated tragic character whose parents had to throw him away on the third day of his birth, because it was told that he would kill his father and marry his mother. He is that tragic man who was unfortunately pitied by the shepherd who was supposed to throw him in the mountains of Kithairon. And instead of "dying that fortunate little death", he was given to the shepherd of another king Polybos. He got that name and the terrible, tragic mark on his swollen feet because of the skewer that his parents had used to pin his feet together before throwing him. And since he was destined to kill his father, he grew up in Corinth and ran away from there, on hearing the rumors of his evil fate, precisely to come to Thebes, kill his father and marry his mother, without knowing that he was running into the doom he thought he was escaping from.

Tragic hero

The idea of Greek tragedy stems from Aristotle's definition of a tragic hero. In Aristotle's definition, the tragic hero must be a person of high standing so their fall from glory will be all the more horrible. The hero also must be a man like ourselves in elemental feelings and emotions. Also, the hero must have a tragic flaw, a characteristic that causes him to bring some disaster upon himself and fall to the lowest depths. In Agamemnon, the classic Greek drama, Aeschylus demonstrates the concept of the tragic flaw through the character of Agamemnon and how he is a common man with similar feelings and beliefs. He loves his family and devotes himself to his country and religion.

He determines that tragedy, like all poetry, is a kind of imitation mimesis , but adds that it has a serious purpose and uses direct action rather than narrative to achieve its ends. The aim of tragedy, Aristotle writes, is to bring about a "catharsis" of the spectators — to arouse in them sensations of pity and fear, and to purge them of these emotions so that they leave the theater feeling cleansed and uplifted, with a heightened understanding of the ways of gods and men. This catharsis is brought about by witnessing some disastrous and moving change in the fortunes of the drama's protagonist Aristotle recognized that the change might not be disastrous, but felt this was the kind shown in the best tragedies — Oedipus at Colonus, for example, was considered a tragedy by the Greeks but does not have an unhappy ending. According to Aristotle, tragedy has six main elements: plot, character, diction, thought, spectacle scenic effect , and song music , of which the first two are primary. Most of the Poetics is devoted to analysis of the scope and proper use of these elements, with illustrative examples selected from many tragic dramas, especially those of Sophocles, although Aeschylus, Euripides, and some playwrights whose works no longer survive are also cited. Several of Aristotle's main points are of great value for an understanding of Greek tragic drama. Particularly significant is his statement that the plot is the most important element of tragedy:.


To examine the diversity of tragic hero over time this paper looked at five plays, Oedipus Rex. ( B.C) portrayed Agamemnon, the king of Argos who respects the Greek deities, and as a result, sacrifices He also presents Sophocles‟ King Oedipus as an embodiment of this kind of structure. shell-​katcompany.org>. Louden.


Tragic hero agamemnon

The dialogue as well as the language of the chorus also emphasizes the tragic message about the tragic life of the ill-fated Oedipus. Oedipus Rex is an ancient Greek tragedy which is so typical of the classical tragedies that Aristotle took it as an example to define and illustrate the qualities of a tragedy. Aristotle's definition is a descriptive one and not prescriptive ; the definition of tragedy has been modified because many great tragedies have been written since without being confined to the Aristotelian features. However, it is feasible to first see this tragedy in terms of Aristotle's definition. Aristotle defined tragedy in terms of its plot, character and action.

His famous connection between "pity and fear" and "catharsis" developed into one of Western philosophy's greatest questions: why is it that people are drawn to watching tragic heroes suffer horrible fates?

Agamemnon, The Choephori, and The Eumenides

Hamartia as it pertains to dramatic literature was first used by Aristotle in his Poetics. In tragedy , hamartia is commonly understood to refer to the protagonist's error or tragic flaw that leads to a chain of plot actions culminating in a reversal from felicity to disaster. What qualifies as the error or flaw can include an error resulting from ignorance, an error of judgement, a flaw in character, or a wrongdoing.

The tragedies of Aeschylus, Euripides and Sophocles followed strict structure and form, which was designed to effectively communicate not only the story of the play, but also the underlying moral to the audience. A typical ancient Greek tragedy consists of five essential sections, some of which are repeated as necessary to accommodate the plot. They are:. For example, in the case of Oedipus Rex by Sophocles, there are six episodes, allowing for significant plot development. In place of the fifth stasimon, Sophocles inserted a Kommos after episode five, which is a lyrical exchange between actors and the chorus to describe how Oedipus has blinded himself. The final episode in Oedipus Rex is followed by a brief exodus that concludes the play. Overview II.


supporting text to present Oedipus as the tragic hero. Textual analysis what the Greeks consider as the genuine tragic situation. For example, a Clytemnestra murders an Agamemnon, who is then avenged by an. Orestes.


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Но что. Дэвид на экране застыл в глубокой задумчивости. - Разница, - бормотал он себе под нос.  - Разница между U235 и U238. Должно быть что-то самое простое. Техник в оперативном штабе начал отсчет: - Пять. Четыре.

Tragic hero agamemnon

 Да он смеялся над нами.

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