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He claimed credit for elaborating the first full theory of the axial age. He continued to write and develop his theory, and also presented his ideas to the Sociological Society of London in Unable to display preview.
- The Origin and Goal of History
- When did societies become modern? ‘Big history’ dashes popular idea of Axial Age
- Karl Jaspers
Karl Jaspers — began his academic career working as a psychiatrist and, after a period of transition, he converted to philosophy in the early s. Throughout the middle decades of the twentieth century he exercised considerable influence on a number of areas of philosophical inquiry: especially on epistemology, the philosophy of religion, and political theory.
The Origin and Goal of History
This chapter provides an overview of the philosophers who influenced Jaspers when he tackled the conception of General Psychopathology. The introductory remark informs about how the systematic screening of Jaspers' philosophical quotes were gained and evaluated. The first section then deals with the methodological split between the humanities and natural sciences when approaching psychiatric patients. The influence of Dilthey, Weber and other philosophers on Jaspers' emerging position is laid out. The argument of his position that the methodological split is intrinsic to the nature of man is pointed out.
Although the Axial Age has recently been the focus of increasing interest, its existence is still very much in dispute. The main reason for questioning the existence of the Axial Age is that its nature, as well as its spatial and temporal boundaries, remain very much unclear. The standard approach to the Axial Age defines it as a change of cognitive style, from a narrative and analogical style to a more analytical and reflective style, probably due to the increasing use of external memory tools. Our recent research suggests an alternative hypothesis, namely a change in reward orientation, from a short-term materialistic orientation to a long-term spiritual one. The concept of the Axial Age developed out of the observation that most of the current world religions Buddhism, Hinduism, Daoism, Judaism, Christianity, Islam can trace their origins back to a specific period of Antiquity around to BCE, and that this period is the first in human history to have seen the appearance of thinkers who still are a source of inspiration for present-day religious and spiritual movements: Socrates, Pythagoras, Buddha, Mahavira, Confucius, Lao Tse, the Hebrew prophets, etc. Thus, the Axial Age was defined with reference to modern religions and the modern world. Socrates, Confucius, and Buddha are understood to be closer to modern people than to inhabitants of early chiefdoms and archaic empires.
When did societies become modern? ‘Big history’ dashes popular idea of Axial Age
Karl Jaspers Half of article reproduced here. On February 23, I was born in Oldenburg, a son of Karl Jaspers, the former sheriff and later bank director, and bis wife Henriette, nee Tantzen. I passed a well-guarded childhood in the company of my brothers and sisters, either in the country with my grandparents or at the seaside, sheltered by loved and revered parents, led by the authority of my father, brought up with a regard for truth and loyalty, for achievement and reliability, yet without church religion except for the scanty formalities of the Protestant confession. I attended the high school of my home town, and from the University. My path was not the normal one of professors of philosophy. I did not intend to become a doctor of philosophy by studying philosophy I am in fact a doctor of medicine nor did L by any means, intend originally to qualify for a professorship by a dissertation on philosophy.
If you believe that digital publication of certain material infringes any of your rights or privacy interests, please let the Library know, stating your reasons. You will be contacted as soon as possible. The axial age debate has put big questions of social and cultural change back on the agenda of sociology. This paper takes this development as an occasion to reflect on how social thought works with and against nineteenth-century intellectual traditions in its efforts to understand history on a macro scale. Karl Jaspers, who initially formulated the axial age thesis in The Origin and Goal of History, revised the Hegelian account of world history by broadening the scope of the narrative to encompass all civilizations participating in the events of the first millennium BCE that saw the rise of major philosophical and religious traditions. However, his account, like the earlier philosophical accounts he seeks to improve upon, privileges cognitive developments over material practices and social interactions, and as such offers little to those seeking to make sense of how cultural patterns interact with others and spread. Here another social theorist engaging with Hegel, W.
The Origin and Goal of History. By Karl Jaspers. (Routledge and Kegan Paul. 21s.) - Volume Save PDF. Save pdf ( mb) Save to Dropbox.
Axial Age also Axis Age ,  from German : Achsenzeit is a term coined by German philosopher Karl Jaspers in the sense of a "pivotal age", characterizing the period of ancient history from about the 8th to the 3rd century BCE. During this period, according to Jaspers' concept, new ways of thinking appeared in Persia , India , China and the Greco-Roman world in religion and philosophy , in a striking parallel development, without any obvious direct cultural contact between all of the participating Eurasian cultures. Jaspers identified key thinkers from this age who had a profound influence on future philosophies and religions, and identified characteristics common to each area from which those thinkers emerged. Many have questioned whether the 'axial age' is a legitimate category of history.
When did things start to go wrong? It is hard not to ask that question nowadays. Today, this singular has become even more evidently and disturbingly a universal, the techno-spiritual monoculture of the species. We do not recognize ourselves in pre-axial humanity, ancient or contemporary; the great archaic empires are like another planet to us. Both Jaspers and Momigliano say that the figures of the axial age—Confucius, Buddha, the Hebrew prophets, the Greek philosophers—are alive to us, are contemporary with us, in a way that no earlier figures are.
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