Advantages And Disadvantages Of Different Modes Of Transport Pdf

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Road transport required much less capital Investment as compared to other modes of transport such as railways and air transport. The cost of constructing, operating and maintaining roads is cheaper than that of the railways. Roads are generally constructed by the government and local authorities and only a small revenue is charged for the use of roads.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Road Transport

It is the fastest mode of transport and therefore suitable for carriage of goods over a long distance. It require less time. Air transport provides comfortable, efficient and quick transport services. It is regarded as best mode of transport for transporting perishable goods. Air transport does not give emphasis on construction of tracks like railways.

As no capital investment in surface track is needed, it is a less costly mode of transport. Air transport is regarded as the only means of transport in those areas which are not easily accessible to other modes of transport. It is therefore accessible to all areas regardless the obstruction of land. Air transport is free from physical barriers because it follows the shortest and direct routes where seas, mountains and forests do not obstruct. Aircrafts travels to any place without any natural obstacles or barriers because the custom formalities are compiled very quickly.

It avoids delay in obtaining clearance. It plays a significant role in the national defense of the country because modern wars are conducted with the help of aero planes.

Airways has a upper hand a destroying the enemy in a short period. Air transport is the most risky form of transport because a minor accident may put a substantial loss to the goods, passengers and the crew.

The chances of accidents are greater in comparison to other modes of transport. Air transport is considered costlier as compare to other mode of transport. The operating cost of aero-planes are higher and it involves a great deal of expenditure on the construction of aerodromes and aircraft.

The aircrafts have small carrying capacity and therefore these are not suitable for carrying bulky and cheaper goods. The load capacity cannot be increased as it is found in case of rails. Air transport is unreliable as it depends of the weather forecast. Normally if the weather is not certain the flight may got delayed. Air transport requires huge investment for construction and maintenance of aerodromes.

It also requires trained, experienced and skilled personnel which involves a substantial investment. Advantages and Disadvantages of Air Transport. Advantages of air transport Following are the advantages of air transport High Speed It is the fastest mode of transport and therefore suitable for carriage of goods over a long distance.

Quick Service Air transport provides comfortable, efficient and quick transport services. No Infrastructure Investment Air transport does not give emphasis on construction of tracks like railways. Easy Access Air transport is regarded as the only means of transport in those areas which are not easily accessible to other modes of transport.

No Physical Barrier Air transport is free from physical barriers because it follows the shortest and direct routes where seas, mountains and forests do not obstruct. Natural Route Aircrafts travels to any place without any natural obstacles or barriers because the custom formalities are compiled very quickly.

National defence It plays a significant role in the national defense of the country because modern wars are conducted with the help of aero planes. Disadvantage of air transport Inspite of many advantages, air transport has some disadvantage also. Risky Air transport is the most risky form of transport because a minor accident may put a substantial loss to the goods, passengers and the crew. Very Costly Air transport is considered costlier as compare to other mode of transport.

Small Carrying Capacity The aircrafts have small carrying capacity and therefore these are not suitable for carrying bulky and cheaper goods.

Unreliable Air transport is unreliable as it depends of the weather forecast. Huge Investment Air transport requires huge investment for construction and maintenance of aerodromes. Apply for International Logistics Certification Now!!

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Different modes of transportation with (Advantages and Disadvantages)

Road transport required much less capital Investment as compared to other modes of transport such as railways and air transport. The cost of constructing, operating and maintaining roads is cheaper than that of the railways. Roads are generally constructed by the government and local authorities and only a small revenue is charged for the use of roads. The outstanding advantage of road transport is that it provides door to door or warehouse to warehouse service. This reduces cartage, loading and unloading expenses.


This mode of transport helps to transfer the goods from one place to another place by road through various methods like auto, buses, trucks.


Advantages and disadvantages of Different modes of transport

Transport commonly used in the U. In other words, the action of transport is defined as a particular movement of an organism or thing from a point A a place in space to a point B. Modes of transport include air , land rail and road , water , cable , pipeline and space. The field can be divided into infrastructure , vehicles and operations.

In the world of trade , the company with the ability to transport freight in the most cost and time efficient manner reigns supreme in their industry. Understanding the strengths and weaknesses of each mode is paramount to building an effective supply chain. The modes by which companies approach these four aspects of shipping has changed over time and is still changing to this day.

The roads or the highways, city streets, feeder roads, and village roads, has given scope for a wide range of road vehicles and the pedestrians. The transportation through ocean, river, canal and large lakes by the help of ships and boats is known as waterway. Here water is media for transportation.

It is the fastest mode of transport and therefore suitable for carriage of goods over a long distance.

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In this article, I will explain the different modes of transportation and as well as their advantages or disadvantages…. Transportation ensures time and place utility. It results in the movement of goods from one place to another place thus making the product available through the customer at the right time. The modes of transport include various types of factors or methods to transfer the goods or product from one place to another place. The modes are

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5 Response
  1. Constanza S.

    Italian export trade according to means of transport used. Water. Road different deliveries. 5. suitable for DISADVANTAGES. 1. Cost and ADVANTAGES: 1. cheaper and faster than road transport. 2. suitable for bulky cargoes. (e.g. coal.

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  4. Rebebichi

    Rail: Advantages: Ability of loading and unloading goods and services is more. Frequency of delivering the goods over long distances is more. Road: Advantages: High flexibity and ability to move the vehicles fastly. Uses different routes to reach the destination quickly. Air: Advantages: Highest speed. Water.

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