Hypatia Of Alexandria Mathematician And Martyr Pdf

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Hypatia of Alexandria : mathematician and martyr

A strikingly beautiful woman and a devoted celibate, she lived in a city as turbulent and troubled as Baghdad or Beirut is today. She achieved fame not only in her special field, but also as a philosopher, religious thinker, and teacher who attracted a large popular following. Cyril of Alexandria. This is the first biography of Hypatia to integrate all aspects of her life. Mathematician Michael Deakin emphasizes that, though she was a philosopher, she was first and foremost a mathematician and astronomer of great accomplishment. In a fascinating narrative that brings to life a richly diverse ancient society, he describes her work so that the mathematics, presented in straightforward terms, finds its true place in the context of her life as a whole. He also analyzes the pattern of her life and thought, and finally gives an account of the events leading up to her lynch-mob execution.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution. Rent this article via DeepDyve. Correspondence to J. Reprints and Permissions. Berggren, J. The Life and Death of Hypatia. Metasci 18, 93—97

The life of Hypatia was one enriched with a passion for knowledge. Hypatia was the daughter of Theon, who was considered one of the most educated men in Alexandria, Egypt. Theon raised Hypatia in a world of education. Most historians now recognize Hypatia not only as a mathematician and scientist, but also as a philosopher. Historians are uncertain of different aspects of Hypatia's life. For example, Hypatia's date of birth is one that is highly debated.

The Life and Death of Hypatia

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Deakin, , pp. A popular biography of Hypatia would be either uncommonly short or a work of fiction for, like so many of the ancients, the uncontested facts of her life are not sufficient to support much of a tale. There is a great deal of speculation and conjecture about her but remarkably few undisputed facts. The book seems to be an expansion of his article ''Hypatia and her Mathematics'' published in the March, issue of the American Mathematical Monthly Vol. Some say her slaughter was instigated by Saint Cyril, Archbishop of Alexandria. The number of speculative details is not much larger but possibly more interesting. I won't spoil the book for you by listing those as well.

Hypatia [a] born c. She was a prominent thinker of the Neoplatonic school in Alexandria where she taught philosophy and astronomy. She is known to have written a commentary on Diophantus 's thirteen-volume Arithmetica , which may survive in part, having been interpolated into Diophantus's original text, and another commentary on Apollonius of Perga 's treatise on conic sections , which has not survived. Many modern scholars also believe that Hypatia may have edited the surviving text of Ptolemy 's Almagest , based on the title of her father Theon 's commentary on Book III of the Almagest. Hypatia is known to have constructed astrolabes and hydrometers , but did not invent either of these, which were both in use long before she was born. Although she herself was a pagan , she was tolerant towards Christians and taught many Christian students, including Synesius , the future bishop of Ptolemais. Ancient sources record that Hypatia was widely beloved by pagans and Christians alike and that she established great influence with the political elite in Alexandria.

The Life, Work and Death of Hypatia

As a pagan martyr, she has always been a stick to beat Christians with, a symbol in the continuing struggle between science and revealed religion. As a woman, she can be seen as a feminist as well as a pagan martyr. Her name has been a feminist symbol down the centuries, more recently a potent name in lesbian and gay circles. As an Egyptian, she has also been claimed as a black woman martyr 2. There is an asteroid named after her, a crater on the moon, and a journal of feminist studies.

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This is a rather scholarly work, so if you're looking for some sort of detailed history of Hypatia, this isn't it. In fact, there is far too little evidence left to produce such a work. Instead, this book attempts to reconstruct the conditions of the time period she is thought to have lived and what we know of her work in mathematics and philosophy. I was hoping for more historical information regarding the circumstances of her murder at the hands of the early christian church, but again, there i.

Hypatia: The First Female Mathematician, Scientist, and Philosopher

Hypatia of Alexandria: Mathematician and Martyr

Весь вечер оказался сплошной комедией ошибок. В его ушах звучали слова Стратмора: Не звони, пока не добудешь кольцо. Внезапно он почувствовал страшный упадок сил. Если Меган продала кольцо и улетела, нет никакой возможности узнать, где оно. Беккер закрыл глаза и попытался сосредоточиться. Итак, каков следующий шаг.

 Мне кажется, мистер Беккер опаздывает на свидание. Проследите, чтобы он вылетел домой немедленно. Смит кивнул: - Наш самолет в Малаге.  - Он похлопал Беккера по спине.  - Получите удовольствие, профессор. Вы летали когда-нибудь на Лирджете-60.

A science book a day keeps boredom away!

Она поставила машину на зарезервированное за ней место и выключила двигатель. Миновав похожую на сад террасу и войдя в главное здание, она прошла проверку еще на двух внутренних контрольных пунктах и наконец оказалась в туннеле без окон, который вел в новое крыло. Вскоре путь ей преградила кабина голосового сканирования, табличка на которой гласила: АГЕНТСТВО НАЦИОНАЛЬНОЙ БЕЗОПАСНОСТИ (АНБ) ОТДЕЛЕНИЕ КРИПТОГРАФИИ ТОЛЬКО ДЛЯ СОТРУДНИКОВ С ДОПУСКОМ Вооруженный охранник поднял голову: - Добрый день, мисс Флетчер. - Привет, Джон. - Не ожидал, что вы придете. - Да, я.  - Она наклонилась к микрофону и четко произнесла: - Сьюзан Флетчер.

ГЛАВА 42 Вернувшись в комнату, Сьюзан, не находя себе места, нервно ходила из угла в угол, терзаясь мыслью о том, что так и не выбрала момент, чтобы разоблачить Хейла. А тот спокойно сидел за своим терминалом. - Стресс - это убийца, Сью. Что тебя тревожит. Сьюзан заставила себя сесть. Она полагала, что Стратмор уже закончил телефонный разговор и сейчас придет и выслушает ее, но он все не появлялся.

Молоденькая, изысканной внешности, ну прямо сошла со страниц журнала Севентин. Довольно консервативные брюки в клетку, белая блузка без рукавов. В руке красная туристская сумка фирмы Л. Белл. Светлые волосы тщательно уложены. - Прошу меня извинить, - пробормотал Беккер, застегивая пряжку на ремне.

Человек ничего не сказал, задумался на мгновение, а потом обратился к Сьюзан. - Лиланд Фонтейн, - представился он, протягивая руку.  - Я рад, что вы живы-здоровы.

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