File Name: lipids structure and function .zip
Membrane lipids are a group of compounds structurally similar to fats and oils which form the double-layered surface of all cells lipid bilayer.
Lipids are a diverse group of molecules that all share the characteristic that at least a portion of them is hydrophobic. Other, amphipathic lipids, such as glycerophospholipids and sphingolipids spontaneously organize themselves into lipid bilayers when placed in water. Interestingly, major parts of many lipids can be derived from acetyl-CoA. Figure 2.
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Front Matter Pages i-x. Lipids in Photosynthesis: An Overview. Pages Membrane Lipids in Algae. Membrane Lipids in Cyanobacteria. Membrane Lipids in Anoxygenic Photosynthetic Bacteria. Reconstitution of Photosynthetic Structures and Activities with Lipids. Development of Thylakoid Membranes with Respect to Lipids. Triglycerides As Products of Photosynthesis. Back Matter Pages About this book Introduction Lipids in Photosynthesis provides readers with a comprehensive view of the structure, function and genetics of lipids in plants, algae and bacteria, with special emphasis on the photosynthetic apparatus in thylakoid membranes.
This volume includes the historical background of the field, as well as a full review of our current understanding of the structure and molecular organization of lipids and their role in the functions of photosynthetic membranes. The physical properties of membrane lipids in thylakoid membranes and their relationship to photosynthesis are also discussed. Other topics include the biosynthesis of glycerolipids and triglycerides; reconstitution of photosynthetic structures and activities with lipids; lipid-protein interactions in the import of proteins into chloroplasts; the development of thylakoid membranes as it relates to lipids; genetic engineering of the unsaturation of membrane glycerolipids, with a focus on the ability of the photosynthetic machinery to tolerate temperature stress; and the involvement of chloroplast lipids in the reactions of plants upon exposure to stress.
This book is intended for a wide audience and should be of interest to advanced undergraduate and graduate students and to researchers active in the field, as well as to those scientists whose fields of specialization include the biochemistry, physiology, molecular biology, biophysics and biotechnology of membranes.
Biophysics Chloroplast Glycerolipid Lipid Protein algae biochemistry biotechnology genetic engineering photosynthesis physiology proteins temperature. Editors and affiliations. Buy options.
Lipids: Structure and Function
The Biochemistry of Plants: A Comprehensive Treatise, Volume 4: Lipids: Structure and Function provides information pertinent to the fundamental aspects of plant lipid biochemistry. This book covers a variety of topics, including oxidative enzymes, glyoxylate cycle, lipoxygenases, ethylene biosynthesis, phospholipids, and carotenoids. Organized into 19 chapters, this volume begins with an overview of the different techniques for use in the analysis of plant lipids. This text then outlines the concepts of membrane lipid structure and discusses the relationship between membrane lipid structure and function. Other chapters consider the role that lipid structure plays in regulating physiological function.
The Biology of Lipids
In biology and biochemistry , a lipid is a macro biomolecule that is soluble in nonpolar solvents. The functions of lipids include storing energy, signaling , and acting as structural components of cell membranes. Biological lipids originate entirely or in part from two distinct types of biochemical subunits or "building-blocks": ketoacyl and isoprene groups. Although the term "lipid" is sometimes used as a synonym for fats , fats are a subgroup of lipids called triglycerides. Lipids also encompass molecules such as fatty acids and their derivatives including tri- , di- , monoglycerides , and phospholipids , as well as other sterol -containing metabolites such as cholesterol.
Hundreds of different lipid species are present in eukaryotic cell membranes. Some of them aggregate with specific membrane proteins to form specialized domains that concentrate and control cellular trafficking and signaling events. For both naked and enveloped viruses, viral entry, genome replication, and egress involve specific interactions with the membranes of a susceptible host cell.
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Lipid , any of a diverse group of organic compounds including fats , oils , hormones , and certain components of membranes that are grouped together because they do not interact appreciably with water. One type of lipid, the triglycerides , is sequestered as fat in adipose cells , which serve as the energy-storage depot for organisms and also provide thermal insulation. Some lipids such as steroid hormones serve as chemical messengers between cells , tissues , and organs , and others communicate signals between biochemical systems within a single cell. The membranes of cells and organelles structures within cells are microscopically thin structures formed from two layers of phospholipid molecules. Membranes function to separate individual cells from their environments and to compartmentalize the cell interior into structures that carry out special functions. So important is this compartmentalizing function that membranes, and the lipids that form them, must have been essential to the origin of life itself.