File Name: signs and symptoms of cystic fibrosis .zip
Cystic fibrosis CF is an inherited disease. CF affects the digestive system and the glands in the lungs that produce mucus Picture 1. It also affects the glands that produce sweat and saliva. Chromosomes CROW-ma-somes in our bodies are in every one of our cells.
Cystic fibrosis CF is a genetic disorder that affects mostly the lungs , but also the pancreas , liver , kidneys , and intestine. CF is inherited in an autosomal recessive manner. There is no known cure for cystic fibrosis. CF is most common among people of Northern European ancestry and affects about one out of every 3, newborns. The main signs and symptoms of cystic fibrosis are salty-tasting skin ,  poor growth and poor weight gain despite normal food intake,  accumulation of thick, sticky mucus,  frequent chest infections, and coughing or shortness of breath. As the children grow, they exercise to release mucus in the alveoli. The causes of growth failure are multifactorial and include chronic lung infection, poor absorption of nutrients through the gastrointestinal tract, and increased metabolic demand due to chronic illness.
Universal screening of newborn babies for cystic fibrosis was launched in Germany on 1 September Here we present up-to-date information on the diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis of this disease. This article is based on relevant publications retrieved by a selective search in PubMed, along with guidelines from Germany and abroad and systematic reviews. Cystic fibrosis is caused by a gene mutation leading to dysfunction of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator CFTR protein. It affects multiple organ systems—the lungs, pancreas, upper airways, liver, intestine, and reproductive organs—to varying degrees. Its incidence among newborn babies in Germany is between 1 in and 1 in
What Are the Signs and Symptoms of CF? CF does not follow the same pattern in all patients but affects different people in dif ferent ways and to varying degrees.
Cystic fibrosis is a serious inherited disease which mainly affects the lungs and pancreas but can involve other organs. Symptoms usually begin in early childhood and include persistent cough, wheeze, repeated chest infections, difficulty absorbing food and general ill health. Treatments include antibiotics, physiotherapy, medicines for thinning mucus, pancreatic enzyme replacements and other therapies. Cystic fibrosis is a condition which mainly affects the lungs and pancreas but can affect other parts of the body, including the liver, nose and sinuses and sweat glands. Normally, cells in these parts of the body make mucus and other watery juices and secretions.
In cystic fibrosis, the airways fill with thick, sticky mucus, making it difficult to breathe. The thick mucus is also an ideal breeding ground for bacteria and fungi. Cystic fibrosis CF is an inherited disorder that causes severe damage to the lungs, digestive system and other organs in the body. Cystic fibrosis affects the cells that produce mucus, sweat and digestive juices.
Only comments seeking to improve the quality and accuracy of information on the Orphanet website are accepted. For all other comments, please send your remarks via contact us. Only comments written in English can be processed. A rare, genetic pulmonary disorder characterized by sweat, thick mucus secretions causing multisystem disease, chronic infections of the lungs, bulky diarrhea and short stature. Cystic fibrosis CF is the most common genetic disorder among Caucasians.