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Government and society
Civil—military relations Civ-Mil or CMR describes the relationship between civil society as a whole and its civil authority and the military organization or organizations established to protect it. CMR incorporates a diverse, often normative field, which moves within and across management, social science and policy scales. A paradox lies at the center of traditional civil-military relations theory. The military, an institution designed to protect the polity, must also be strong enough to threaten the society it serves. A military take-over or coup is a worst-case example.
Pakistan State-Society Analysis
Pakistan's short history as a country has been very turbulent. Fighting among the provinces--as well as a deep-rooted conflict that led to a nuclear stand-off with India—prevented Pakistan from gaining real stability in the last five decades. It oscillates between military rule and democratically elected governments, between secular policies and financial backing as a "frontline" state during the Cold War and the war against terrorism. Recent declared states of emergency and the political assassination of former Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto indicate a continuing trend of economic and political instability. When Pakistan became a country on August 14th, , to form the largest Muslim state in the world at that time. The creation of Pakistan was catalyst to the largest demographic movement in recorded history.
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It seems that you're in Germany. We have a dedicated site for Germany. This book offers a comprehensive study of the dynamics of civil-military relations in Pakistan. It asks how and why the Pakistan military has acquired such a salience in the polity and how it continues to influence decision-making on foreign and security policies and key domestic political, social and economic issues. It also examines the changes within the military, the impact of these changes on its disposition towards the state and society, and the implications for peace and security in nuclearized South Asia.
It asks how and why the Pakistan military has acquired such a salience in the polity and how it continue. Military, State and Society in Pakistan. Authors Hasan-Askari Rizvi. Pages PDF · Civilian Institutions and the Military.
Pakistan State-Society Analysis
Iftikhar H. Asian Survey 1 July ; 36 7 : — Sign In or Create an Account.
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Its purpose was to test a hypothesis that posited that the colonial authority structure and the partition-oriented structural dynamics provided an important structural construct in explaining politics and the military in post-colonial Pakistan. The analysis has focused on the military in the colonial authority structure in which the former, along with the civil bureaucracy and the landed-feudal class, formed an alliance to pursue politico-economic interests in British India. The article has also explained and analysed the partition-oriented structural dynamics in terms of territory Kashmir and population Indian refugees.
In the newly independent Pakistan consisted of two distinct parts: the smaller but more densely populated East Pakistan, centred on the Ganges-Brahmaputra delta region, and the much larger West Pakistan, occupying the northwestern portion of the Indian subcontinent. However, in , after the country had experienced more than two decades of turbulent politics, the eastern region seceded and established itself as the independent state of Bangladesh. In the aftermath of that event, Pakistan now reduced to the former West Pakistan faced a number of political and economic problems and uncertainties about its future.
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Какой ключ. Стратмор снова вздохнул. - Тот, который тебе передал Танкадо.
Увидев их, Джабба сразу превратился в разъяренного быка: - Я не зря создал систему фильтров. - Сквозь строй приказал долго жить, - безучастно произнес Фонтейн.