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- The Theory and Practice of Group Psychothe - Irvin D. Yalom.pdf
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Log In Sign Up. Download Free PDF. The Theory and Practice of Group Psychotherapy. Nanik Sariyani. Download PDF. A short summary of this paper. Leszcz, whom I first met in when he spent a yearlong fellowship in group therapy with me at Stanford University, has been a major contributor to research and clinical innovation in group therapy.
For the past twelve years, he has directed one of the largest group therapy training programs in the world in the Department of Psychiatry at the University of Toronto, where he is an associate professor. His broad knowledge of contemporary group practice and his exhaustive review of the research and clinical literature were invaluable to the preparation of this volume. We worked diligently, like co-therapists, to make this edition a seamless integration of new and old material.
Although for stylistic integrity we opted to retain the first-person singular in this text, behind the "I" there is always a collaborative "we. But we had a dilemma: What if some of the changes in the field do not represent advances but, instead, retrogression? What if marketplace considerations demanding quicker, cheaper, more efficient methods act against the best interests of the client? And what if "efficiency" is but a euphemism for shedding clients from the fiscal rolls as quickly as possible?
And what if these diverse market factors force therapists to offer less than they are capable of offering their clients? If these suppositions are true, then the requirements of this revision become far more complex because we have a dual task: not only to present current methods and prepare student therapists for the contemporary workplace, but also to preserve the accumulated wisdom and techniques of our field even if some young therapists will not have immediate opportunities to apply them.
My first step was to separate "front" from "core" in each of the group therapies. The front consists of the trappings, the form, the techniques, the specialized language, and the aura surrounding each of the ideological schools; the core consists of those aspects of the experience that are intrinsic to the therapeutic process-that is, the bare-boned mechanisms of change.
If you disregard the "front" and consider only the actual mechanisms of effecting change in the client, you will find that the change mechanisms are limited in number and are remarkably similar across groups. Therapy groups with similar goals that appear wildly different in external form may rely on identical mechanisms of change. In the first two editions of this book, caught up in the positivistic zeitgeist surrounding the developing psychotherapies, I referred to these mechanisms of change as "curative factors.
Hence, yielding to the dictates of reality, I now refer to the mechanisms of change as "therapeutic factors" rather than "curative factors. I begin with a detailed discussion of eleven therapeutic factors and then describe a psychotherapeutic approach that is based on them.
But which types of groups to discuss? The array of group therapies is now so vast that it is impossible for a text to address each type of group separately. How then to proceed? I have chosen in this book to center my discussion around a prototypic type of group therapy and then to offer a set of principles that will enable the therapist to modify this fundamental group model to fit any specialized clinical situation. The prototypical model is the intensive, heterogeneously composed outpatient psychotherapy group, meeting for at least several months, with the ambitious goals of both symptomatic relief and personality change.
Why focus on this particular form of group therapy when the contemporary therapy scene, driven by economic factors, is dominated by another type of group-a homogeneous, symptom-oriented group that meets for briefer periods and has more limited goals?
The answer is that long-term group therapy has been around for many decades and has accumulated a vast body of knowledge from both empirical research and thoughtful clinical observation. Earlier I alluded to contemporary therapists not often having the clinical opportunities to do their best work; I believe that the prototypical group we describe in this book is the setting in which therapists can offer maximum benefit to their clients.
It is an intensive, ambitious form of therapy that demands much from both client and therapist. The therapeutic strategies and techniques required to xiii lead such a group are sophisticated and complex.
However, once students master them and understand how to modify them to fit specialized therapy situations, they will be in a position to fashion a group therapy that will be effective for any clinical population in any setting. Trainees should aspire to be creative and compassionate therapists with conceptual depth, not laborers with little vision and less morale.
Managed care emphatically views group therapy as the treatment modality of the future. Group therapists must be as prepared as possible for this opportunity. Because most readers of this book are clinicians, the text is intended to have immediate clinical relevance.
I also believe, however, that it is imperative for clinicians to remain conversant with the world of research. Even if therapists do not personally engage in research, they must know how to evaluate the research of others. Accordingly, the text relies heavily on relevant clinical, social, and psychological research. While searching through library stacks during the writing of early editions of this book, I often found myself browsing in antiquated psychiatric texts.
How unsettling it is to realize that the devotees of such therapy endeavors as hydrotherapy, rest cures, lobotomy, and insulin coma were obviously clinicians of high intelligence, dedication, and integrity. The same may be said of earlier generations of therapists who advocated venesection, starvation, purgation, and trephination.
Their texts are as well written, their optimism as unbridled, and their reported results as impressive as those of contemporary practitioners. Question: why have other health-care fields left treatment of psychological disturbance so far behind?
Answer: because they have applied the principles of the scientific method. Without a rigorous research base, the psychotherapists of today who are enthusiastic about current treatments are tragically similar to the hydrotherapists and lobotomists of yesteryear. As long as we do not test basic principles and treatment outcomes with scientific rigor, our field remains at the mercy of passing fads and fashions. Therefore, whenever possible, the approach presented in this text is based on rigorous, relevant research, and attention is called to areas in which further research seems especially necessary and feasible.
Some areas for example, preparation for group therapy and the reasons for group dropouts have been widely and competently studied, while other areas for example, "working through" or countertransference have only recently been touched by research. Naturally, this distribution of research emphasis is reflected in the text: some chapters may appear, to clinicians, to stress research too heavily, while other chapters may appear, to research-minded colleagues, to lack rigor.
Let us not expect more of psychotherapy research than it can deliver. Will the findings of psychotherapy research affect a rapid major change in therapy practice? Probably not. Furthermore, front-line therapists faced with suffering clients obviously cannot wait for science. Also, keep in mind the economics of research.
The marketplace controls the focus of research. When managed-care economics dictated a massive swing to brief, symptom-oriented therapy, reports from a multitude of well-funded research projects on brief therapy began to appear in the literature. At the same time, the bottom dropped out of funding sources for research on longer-term therapy, despite a strong clinical consensus about the importance of such research.
In time we expect that this trend will be reversed and that more investigation of the effectiveness of psychotherapy in the real world of practice will be undertaken to supplement the knowledge accruing from randomized controlled trials of brief therapy. Another consideration is that, unlike in the physical sciences, many aspects of psychotherapy inherently defy quantification.
Psychotherapy is both art and science; research findings may ultimately shape the broad contours of practice, but the human encounter at the center of therapy will always be a deeply subjective, nonquantifiable experience. One of the most important underlying assumptions in this text is that interpersonal interaction within the here-and-now is crucial to effective group therapy.
The truly potent therapy group first provides an arena in which clients can interact freely with others, then helps them identify and understand what goes wrong in their interactions, and ultimately enables them to change those maladaptive patterns. We believe that groups based solely on other assumptions, such as psychoeducational or cognitivebehavioral principles, fail to reap the full therapeutic harvest.
Each of these forms of group therapy can be made even more effective by incorporating an awareness of interpersonal process. This point needs emphasis: It has great relevance for the future of clinical practice.
The advent of managed care will ultimately result in increased use of therapy groups. But, in their quest for efficiency, brevity, and accountability, managed-care decision makers may make the mistake of decreeing that some distinct orientations brief, cognitive-behavioral, symptom-focused are more desirable because their approach encompasses a series of steps consistent with other efficient medical approaches: the setting of explicit, limited goals; the measuring of goal attainment at regular, frequent intervals; a highly specific treatment plan; and a replicable, uniform, manual-driven, highly structured therapy with a precise protocol for each session.
But do not mistake the appearance of efficiency for true effectiveness. In this text we discuss, in depth, the extent and nature of the interactional focus and its potency in bringing about significant character and interpersonal change. The interactional focus is the engine of group therapy, and therapists who are able to harness it are much better equipped to do all forms of group therapy, even if the group model does not emphasize or acknowledge the centrality of interaction.
Initially I was not eager to undertake the considerable task of revising this text. The theoretical foundations and technical approach to group therapy described in the fourth edition remain sound and useful. But a book in an evolving field is bound to age sooner than later, and the last edition was losing some of its currency. Not only did it contain dated or anachronistic allusions, but also the field has changed. Furthermore, new types of groups have sprung up and others have faded away.
Cognitive-behavioral, psychoeducational, and problem-specific brief therapy groups are becoming more common, so in this revision we have made a special effort throughout to address the particular issues germane to these groups. The first four chapters of this text discuss eleven therapeutic factors. Chapter 1 covers instillation of hope, universality, imparting information, altruism, the corrective recapitulation of the primary family group, the development of socializing techniques, and imitative behavior.
Chapters 2 and 3 present the more complex and powerful factors of interpersonal learning and cohesiveness. Recent advances in our understanding of interpersonal theory and the therapeutic alliance that can strengthen therapist effectiveness have influenced our approach to these two chapters. Chapter 4 discusses catharsis and existential factors and then attempts a synthesis by addressing the comparative importance and the interdependence of all eleven therapeutic factors.
The next two chapters address the work of the therapist. Chapter 5 discusses the tasks of the group therapist-especially those germane to shaping a therapeutic group culture and harnessing the group interaction for therapeutic benefit. Chapter 6 describes how the therapist must first activate the here-and-now that is, plunge the group into its own experience and then illuminate the meaning of the here-and-now experience.
In this edition we deemphasize certain models that rely on the elucidation of group-as-a-whole dynamics for example, the Tavistock approach models that have since proven ineffective in the therapy process. Some omitted material that may still interest some readers will remain available at www.
While chapters 5 and 6 address what the therapist must do, chapter 7 addresses how the therapist must be. It explicates the therapist's role and the therapist's use of self by focusing on two fundamental issues: transference and transparency. Many contemporary therapists, threatened by the encroachment of the legal profession into the field a result of the irresponsibility and misconduct of some therapists, coupled with a reckless and greedy malpractice industry , have grown too cautious and impersonal.
Hence we give much attention to the use of the therapist's self in psychotherapy. Chapters 8 through 14 present a chronological view of the therapy group and emphasize group phenomena and techniques that are relevant to each stage.
Chapters 8 and 9, on client selection and group composition, include new research data on group therapy attendance, dropouts, and outcomes.
The Theory and Practice of Group Psychothe - Irvin D. Yalom.pdf
You've discovered a title that's missing from our library. Can you help donate a copy? When you buy books using these links the Internet Archive may earn a small commission. Open Library is a project of the Internet Archive , a c 3 non-profit. See more about this book on Archive. In this completely revised and updated fifth edition of group psychotherapy's standard text, Dr. Yalom and his collaborator present the most recent developments in the field, drawing on nearly a decade of new research as well as their broad clinical wisdom and expertise.
The Theory and Practice of Group Psychotherapy at katcompany.org for readers who are interested in the history and evolution of the encounter movement.
The Theory and Practice of Group Psychotherapy
Yalom, I. The theory and practice of group psychotherapy. New York: Basic Books.
In this completely revised and updated fifth edition, Dr. Choose the book you like when you register4. You can also cancel your membership if you are bored5. Enjoy and Happy Reading.
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The theory and practice of group psychotherapy fifth edition pdf
Yalom and his collaborator present the most recent developments in the field, drawing on nearly a decade of new research as well as their broad clinical wisdom and expertise. Among the significant new topics: online therapy, specialized groups, ethnocultural diversity and trauma Managed care, plus hundreds of new references and clinical vignettes"--Publisher's description. Read more Rating: not yet rated 0 with reviews - Be the first. ProQuest Ebook Central. Please choose whether or not you want other users to be able to see on your profile that this library is a favorite of yours. Finding libraries that hold this item
Lieberman and Matthew B. For this fifth edition of The Theory and Practice of Psychotherapy I have had the good fortune of having Molyn Leszcz as my collaborator. Leszcz, whom I first met in when he spent a yearlong fellowship in group therapy with me at Stanford University, has been a major contributor to research and clinical innovation in group therapy. For the past twelve years, he has directed one of the largest group therapy training programs in the world in the Department of Psychiatry at the University of Toronto, where he is an associate professor. His broad knowledge of contemporary group practice and his exhaustive review of the research and clinical literature were invaluable to the preparation of this volume. We worked diligently, like co-therapists, to make this edition a seamless integration of new and old material. But we had a dilemma: What if some of the changes in the field do not represent advances but, instead, retrogression?
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